Monday, 28 July 2014

Liver Regeneration

Liver cells in the wake of being harmed can recover to the first length. One of the symbolizing characteristics of the liver is the ability to keep up a steady size in spite of damage. Despite of the fact that the exact sub-atomic signs included in the upkeep of liver size are not totally known, it is clear that the liver carefully adjusts recovery with excess. Vertebrates, for instance, can survive surgical evacuation of up to 75% of the aggregate liver mass. A week after liver resection (partial removal of an organ), the aggregate number of liver cells is restored. In addition, excessive liver growth could be stimulated by a mixture of signs, including hepatocyte development component or peroxisome proliferators.

The liver rapidly comes back to its ordinary size when the proliferative indicator is displaced. The degree to which liver homogeneous organisms intervene liver recovery has been discussed in the article Vitamin K2-Enhanced Liver Regeneration is Associated with Oval Cell Expansion and Up-Regulation of Matrilin-2 Expression in 2- AAF/PH Rat Model. One of the essential purposes behind this discussion is the utilization of numerous definitions for the hepatic immature microorganism and a significant increase after vitamin K2 treatment in parallel with the expansion of oval cell population. Consistently, knocking down matrilin-2 expression in vivo largely reduced vitamin K2-induced liver regeneration and oval cell proliferation in 2-AAF/PH animals. In conclusion, these data suggest that vitamin K2 treatment enhances liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy, which is associated with oval cell expansion and matrilin-2 up-regulation.

Bentham - International Publisher Science covers an extensive research on liver and the mechanism to improve the regeneration of resected liver.

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Wednesday, 16 July 2014

About Bentham eBooks

Researchers of scholarly work can reach millions of people by making their work available online in digital formats. Electronic publishing has emerged as a profitable and popular alternative to costly traditional publishing. An eBook is an electronic book which is readily available online on your computers.
Bentham has an extensive library of eBooks in the areas of science, technology, medicine, social sciences and humanities. Electronic publishing has made reading more convenient and enjoyable for readers, who now have a much wider choice of selections and the comfort of sitting at home and downloading eBooks. A variety of eBooks is available on Bentham’s website that covers all major disciplines of natural, social sciences and information technology. For more information, you can visit the website:
Bentham Science follows rigorous editorial policies in publishing its eBooks such as copyright, ethical approval, plagiarism avoidance and crystal clear author guidelines. Manuscripts are subjected to extensive peer review by the Editorial Board members and external referees.

The readers can enjoy reading Bentham Science eBooks in both printed and online versions. 

Monday, 7 July 2014

Peer-Reviewing: An Essential Process In STM Publishing

Scholarly research publications have an essential step of peer-reviewing. In this process research articles are evaluated and assessed by a group of scholars having proportionate skills and competence to the producer of the content.

The level of perfection of scientific and medical research publication is altogether a much greater concern and requests an accurate peer-review process. By and large, there are a few prestigious distributers in the scientific publication industry, which offer peer-reviewed journals for example; Wiley, Elsevier, Taylor Francis and Bentham Science Publishers.

Bentham Science Publishers utilizes the single-blind peer-review technique that would not only guarantee an unprejudiced analysis of the investigative value of the research work, yet it would additionally ensure ideal quality measures and extraordinary commitment to the research. They have qualified, expert editorial staff and commentators, who stick to stringent research surveying. For the most part, a write-up is analyzed for the nature of the research, plagiarism prevention, re-distribution and ethical review.

To access peer-reviewed journals arranged topic-wise, please visit the following link:

Monday, 30 June 2014

Possibility Of Humans To Breathe Underwater In A Couple Of Decades

New revelations of researchers have opened the possibility that man, in a few decades time would be able to dive under water without any additional financing of oxygen flasks.

These are examinations of bioengineers, who discovered the path for men to uninhibitedly breathe under water, and clarified that later on, it could happen that a human DNA might be associated with the DNA of marine algae and plants.

For this research, a study was led an analysis that included a symbiosis of lizards and plants under water which produces oxygen. This blend was effective as these two were constantly joined with one another after the examination, which demonstrated that there may be a beneficial interaction between plants and vertebrates.

Interesting scientific news like these keeps the hope for the future bright. Obviously, future studies will concentrate more on the improvement of this process, so that one day it could be utilized on human beings for real. Similarly, human could utilize the abilities algae have, which would turn into a source of oxygen for people.

For a complete list, click on Bentham Science Publishers

Friday, 27 June 2014

Scientific news: Caffeine’s Prophylactic Effect towards Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes represents 95% of aggregate diabetic people. According to reliable scientific news websites, its pervasiveness is expanding nowadays and researchers are working on revising the impact of caffeine on type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes type 2 is described by two conditions: insulin safety and dysfunctional β cell, prompting lower insulin secretion. It brings about expanded postprandial glucose levels which prompt hyperinsulinemia and hyperglycemic conditions.

There are different elements which represent this condition; like augmentation of free unsaturated fats, diminished glucose uptake, hereditary alteration, and expanded glucose creation (HGP).
Caffeine being a stimulatory element is found to decrease the dangers of type 2 diabetes. There are different factors included during this process:mobilization of calcium, inhibition of phosphodiesterase and antagonism of adenosine receptors. Likewise the studieshave demonstrated to have a reversal effect with prolonged usage of caffeine.

Caffeine lessensthe risk by releasing the catecholamine and glucose uptake, and acts as a prophylactic effect.

For a complete list, click on Bentham Science Publishers

Friday, 30 May 2014

Bio precursors and their Importance

A precursor is a compound that participates in the chemical reaction that produces another compound. In biochemistry, the term "precursor" is used more specifically to refer to a chemical compound preceding another in a metabolic pathway. The first ever bio precursor was made for Malaria.

Plasmodium falciparum is responsible of the most severe form of malaria, and new targets and novel chemotherapeutic scaffolds are needed to fight emerging multidrug-resistant strains of this parasite. Bis-alkylguanidines have been designed to mimic choline, resulting in the inhibition of plasmodial biosynthesis. 

Despite potent in vitro antiplasmodial and in vivo antimalarial activities, a major downside of these compounds for advance clinical growth is their short oral bioavailability. To explain this issue, several modulations were performed on bis-alkylguanidines. The introduction of N-disubstituents on the guanidine motif amended both in vitro and in vivo activities. On the other hand, in vivo pharmacological assessment in a mouse model showed that the N-hydroxylated derivatives constitute the first oral bioprecursors in bis-alkylguanidine sequences.

The article Design and Applications of Bioprecursors: A Retrometabolic Approach has given detailed information about bio precursor and their link for it to be a Retrometabolic approach. Also, the journal Current Drug Metabolism focuses on the roots of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics.

Wednesday, 16 April 2014


Glaucoma is a complex eye disease in which gradual damage to optic nerve can lead to complete vision loss. In some cases, it happens as a result of increase in Intraocular Pressure (IOP) inside the eyes.

The normal eye pressure ranges from 12 to 22 mm Hg. If the pressure is higher than 22, it is considered to be an increased eye pressure. If the IOP is higher than the normal and the person does not show signs of glaucoma, this medical condition is known as ocular hypertension. However, high eye pressure alone does not cause Glaucoma, but, it is a significant risk factor.

There are two different types of glaucoma:
Ø  Angle Closure
Ø  Open Angle

Angle Closure is less common as compared to Open Angle Glaucoma, but it causes more vision loss if not treated properly on time. It occurs when iris blocks water movement out of the eye, enhancing the eye pressure (IOP). The ultimate treatment for this disease is “Iridotomy” in which a hole is made within the iris with the help of laser surgery in order to avoid blocking of water movement.

The older persons ranging above 60 are at an acute risk of developing angle closure glaucoma. It affects women 50% more often than men possibly because of smaller eyes.

Early detection through regular eye exams play a vital role in protecting one`s vision from damage caused by glaucoma. These tests include Tonometry, Gonioscopy, Perimetry, Opthalmoscopy and Pachymetry.

“The Open Ophthalmology Journal” is one of Bentham Science Publishers Open Access online journal, which publishes research articles, reviews, letters and guest edited single topic issues in all areas of experimental and clinical research in ophthalmology and vision science.